Silvia Lindtner is an assistant professor at the University of Michigan in the School of Information, with a courtesy appointment in the Penny W. Stamps School of Art and Design. Lindtner’s research and teaching interests include transnational networks of innovation and entrepreneurship culture, DIY (do it yourself) making and hacking, science and technology studies in China, and Internet and digital cultures. She is currently writing a book on the culture and politics of “making” and transnational entrepreneurship in urban China. Her research has been awarded support from the US National Science Foundation, IMLS, Intel Labs, Google Anita Borg, and the Chinese National Natural Science Foundation. Her work has appeared at ACM SIGCHI, ACM CSCW (Computer Supported Cooperative Work & Social Computing), ST&HV (Science Technology & Human Values), Games & Culture, China Information, and other venues. Lindtner is affiliated with several interdisciplinary centers and initiatives on campus including the Lieberthal-Rogel Center for Chinese Studies, the Science, Technology and Society Program and the Michigan Interactive and Social Computing Research Group, and directs the Tech.Culture.Matters. Research Group. Together with Professor Anna Greenspan and David Li, Lindtner co-directs the Research Initiative Hacked Matter, dedicated to critically investigating processes of technology innovation, urban redesign, and maker-manufacturing cultures in China.
Before joining the University of Michigan, Silvia held a two-year post-doc position, jointly appointed at the Intel Science and Technology Center for Social Computing and Fudan University, Shanghai. She received her Ph.D. in 2012 in Information and Computer Science at the University of California, Irvine, where she worked with Paul Dourish as her advisor, and Tom Boellstorff, Mimi Ito, Melissa Mazmanian, and Jeffrey Wasserstrom as her committee.
"FROM HOBBY TO SOCIOECONOMIC DRIVER: INNOVATION PATHWAYS TO PROFESSIONAL MAKING IN ASIA AND THE AMERICAN MIDWEST" (2015-2019)
PI Silvia Lindtner, with Co-PIs Jeff Bardzell and Shaowen Bardzell.
“Making” has been widely envisioned to enable a transition from tinkering to prototyping and entrepreneurship and, finally, to help revive industrial production across regions. Through empirical research, hands-on design workshops and international comparison, this project will examine and document successful pathways from making as hobby to socioeconomic driver, and how they are supported by technological, policy, economic, and pedagogical infrastructures. Broadly, this research will provide a contribution to studies of technology innovation in regions beyond more familiar technology hubs like Silicon Valley: Asia and the American Midwest. It will contribute to discussions that place models of technology innovation and design in relationship to local histories, cultures, and sociopolitical contexts. This includes debates around non-linear stories of technological progress, creativity, and design. This research will also contribute to a growing body of research focused on investigating the tools, techniques, and social organization of maker collectives, hackerspaces, and repair practices by providing both an ethnographic foundation and technological insights for emerging issues concerning making’s transition into production and entrepreneurialism.
"How Do-It-Yourself Makers are Reinventing Production, Labor, and Innovation" (2013-2016).
PI Silvia Lindtner, Co-PI Garnet Hertz
The contemporary landscape of information technology production is one that has been profoundly influenced by the emergence of so-called 'maker culture' since the 1960s and 1970s, with the technology landscape full of products that depend upon open source and similar alternative models of production. Society currently finds itself in the middle of a new maker movement through a growing network of 'hackerspaces' or 'makerspaces' that expand ideas and practices of the Web generation into hardware and manufacturing. Hackerpaces are cooperative studios where people develop new approaches to technology design based on the open sharing of software code and hardware designs through the use of technology such as computer controlled laser cutters, 3-D printers, and microcontroller kits. Hackerpaces are places where new models of innovation are explored, where values of openness and participation are re-assessed, and where new relationships between people and technology are forged. To understand these phenomena, this NSF-funded project will conduct one of the first multinational ethnographic research studies of hackerpaces in the United States and China. The goal of the project is to understand the relationship between cultural and material practices in the maker movement. Accordingly, the focus is on the daily practices in makerspaces, with particular attention to how they experiment with models of social organization, distributed collaboration, and peer production.
Together with my collaborator Xianghua Ding, I received a Michigan-Fudan Social Science Collaboration Grant 2014/15 from the Lieberthal-Rogel Center for Chinese Studies for our collaborative research on making and hacking practices out of necessity in China (including such things as shanzhai culture, repair work, manufacturing, making-do, etc.).
In December 2013, I spoke at the DOIT Open Innovations Festival in Taipei. Above is the video of my talk.
ABOUT DOIT: Taipei 2013 DOIT Open Innovations Festival The annual event aims to stimulate exchanges between creative minds from around the world, promoting greater cooperation through linking to the outside world. DOIT Annual Event 2013 highlights Digital Fabrication, Social Network Business Model（social product）, Wearable Device and Application Solution, and Innovation System with the spirit of encouraging openness, co-creation, and innovation.
September 22 - 25, 2016: Invited Speaker, GLOBART Academy 2016, Krems, Austria
August 30 - September 3, 2016: Track Organizer & Speaker, 4S/EASST "Science and Technology by other Means", Barcelona, Spain - "Utopias and Critiques of Making", with Jeffrey Bardzell, Shaowen Bardzell, Anita Say Chan, Denisa Kera.
August 25-27, 2016: Invited Speaker & Panelist, European Forum Alpbach, Technologie Gespraeche, Austria.
May 5, 2016: Invited speaker, Department of Communication, University of Washington, 2016 Colloquium Series.
March 11-12, 2016: Invited speaker, hosted by the India China Institute, The New School, Conference on "Spatial Politics of Work"
February 22, 2016: Invited speaker, Indiana University, Hosted by the Cultural Research in Technology (CRIT) Group.
September 27 - 30, 2015: Speaker & co-organizer of International Conference on "Rethinking Technology Innovation: Fabrication, Factories & Design Research," at the Center for Human Computer Interaction at University of Salzburg.
July 31-Aug 2, 2015: Invited speaker at Sketching in Hardware 2015 "Utopias", at Biosphere2, Arizona. Many thanks to Seth Hunter and Intel Research to make this happen!
May 7, 2015: Invited speaker at the IxD Lab at ITU (IT University) Copenhagen, Denmark. Many thanks to Anna Vallgårda for the invitation.
April, 2015 Invited talk at the 2015 ACM CHI conference in Seoul, Korea, based on an HCI Journal Article Amanda Williams, Silvia Lindtner, and Paul Dourish: "Multi-sited Design: An Analytical Lens for Transnational HCI".
February 17, 2015, Invited Speaker at "In the Loop" series of the IIT Institute of Design's lecture series on design, innovation, and entrepreneurship, organized by Assistant Professor Laura Forlano in cooperation with the ID Faculty.
January 22, 2015: FH JOANNEUM & ESC Medien Kunst Labor Graz, Austria, Guest Lecture: "Making, Shanzhai & Manufacturing", many thanks to Reni Hofmüller, Daniel Fabry, and the School of Communication, Media and Interaction Design (FH JOANNEUM)
Op-EDs & Blog Posts:
Tech.Culture.Matters Research Blog
"Mass Making in China: Cultivating an Entrepreneurial Mindset" Reflecting on my impressions at the Shanghai Pujiang Innovation Forum, October 2015.
With Anna Greenspan and David Li: Shanzhai: China's Collaborative Electronics-Design Ecosystem
The article discusses shanzhai innovation, visions of computing, and open source in manufacturing.
Blog Post for Ethnography Matters:
with Amelia Guimarin.
Article for Slate
A piece about "innovate with China," Shenzhen, Seeed Studio and its CEO and founder Eric Pan. It begins like this:
The 30-year-old city of Shenzhen, which is in the southern region of China, is typically thought of as a place where copycat and large factories pump out products designed elsewhere. While Silicon Valley is heralded as the site of unparalleled technological creativity, China is rendered as its unimaginative counterpart: Silicon Valley comes up with the ideas and China manufacturers them. The evidence of this approach towards innovation is emblazoned on the iPhone: “Designed by Apple in California. Assembled in China.”
But in Shenzhen, there is a company at the forefront of changing this idea that “made in” inherently stands for China and “created in” inherently for California.
NYC Resistor Zine
From January 18-19, 2014, Garnet Hertz and I hosted a zine-making workshop at the NYC Resistor Hackerspace. Check our the awesome zine that the resistors made with us in the video below and photos here.
New paper out in ACM PDC 2016
Cindy Lin and Silvia Lindtner. 2016. Legitimacy, Boundary Objects & Participation in Transnational DIY Biology. In Proc. of the 14th ACM Participatory Design Conference, pp. 171-180.
two Paper publications ACM CHi2016
Silvia Lindtner, Shaowen Bardzell, and Jeffrey Bardzell. Reconstituting the Utopian Vision of Making: HCI after Technosolutionism. Recipient of SIGCHI Best of CHI Paper Honorable Mention Award.
Seyram Avle and Silvia Lindtner. Design(ing) "here" and "there": Tech Entrepreneurs, Global Markets, and Reflexivity in Design Processes.
"Hacking with Chinese Characteristics"
- JOURNAL ARTICLE IN ST&HV 2015:
Based on my long-term ethnographic research in China, I trace back to the early days of China's maker movement, from the opening of China's first hackerspace XinCheJian 新车间 back in 2010 to contemporary intersections with manufacturing, entrepreneurship, and innovation discourse. [PDF]
"Designed in Shenzhen" publication at aarhus conference 2015:
"Designed in Shenzhen: Shanzhai Manufacturers and Maker Entrepreneurs" (with Anna Greenspan and David Li) Aarhus Conference 2015 on "Critical Alternatives" - decennial conference on critical computing.
CSCW paper won BEST PAPER AWARD 2015:
Our CSCW 2015 paper "Reliving the Past & Making a Harmonious Society Today: A Study of Elderly Electronic Hackers in China" has been awarded a best paper award. Big congratulations to my mentee Yuling Sun, whose excellent ethnographic research this paper is based on.
article in the Journal of China Information:
ACM CHI Conference PAPER:
Our paper "Emerging Sites of HCI Innovation: Hackerspaces, Hardware Startups & Incubators" with Garnet Hertz and Paul Dourish has been selected to receive a SIGCHI Best of CHI best paper award! It is published as part of the proceedings of the ACM Conference CHI'14. [pdf]